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ILithium vs iibhetri zealkaline Isikhokelo sokugqibela

ILithium vs iibhetri zealkaline Isikhokelo sokugqibela

 

Intshayelelo

 

Iibhetri zeLithium vs alkaline?Sixhomekeke kwiibhetri yonke imihla.Kulo mhlaba webhetri, iibhetri zealkaline kunye ne-lithium zigqamile.Nangona zombini iindidi zeebhetri ziyimithombo ebalulekileyo yamandla kwizixhobo zethu, zahluke kakhulu kuzo zonke iinkalo zokusebenza, ixesha elide, kunye neendleko.Iibhetri zealkaline zithandwa ngabathengi kuba zaziwa ngokungabizi kakhulu kwaye zixhaphake ukusetyenziswa ekhaya.Ngakolunye uhlangothi, iibhetri ze-lithium zikhanya kwihlabathi lobuchwephesha ngenxa yokusebenza kwazo okuphezulu kunye namandla ahlala ixesha elide.Kamada Amandlaizabelo eli nqaku lijolise ekujongeni okuhle kunye nokubi kwezi ntlobo zimbini zeebhetri ukukunceda wenze isigqibo esinolwazi, nokuba kungenxa yeemfuno zendlu yakho yemihla ngemihla okanye izicelo zobungcali.Ke, masingene ngaphakathi kwaye sijonge ukuba yeyiphi ibhetri eyona ifanelekileyo kwisixhobo sakho!

 

1. Iintlobo zebhetri kunye neSakhiwo

 

Factor uthelekiso Iibhetri zeLithium Iibhetri zealkaline
Uhlobo I-Lithium-ion (Li-ion), iLithium Polymer (LiPo) IZinc-Carbon, iNickel-Cadmium (NiCd)
Ukuqulunqwa kwemichiza I-Cathode: Iikhompawundi zeLithium (umzekelo, iLiCoO2, iLiFePO4) I-Cathode: I-Zinc oxide (ZnO)
  I-Anode: iGraphite, iLithium Cobalt Oxide (LiCoO2) okanye iLithium Manganese Oxide (LiMn2O4) Inode: Zinc (Zn)
  Electrolyte: Izinyibilikisi zendalo I-Electrolyte: Ialkaline (umzekelo, iPotassium Hydroxide)

 

Iibhetri zeLithium (Li-ion & LiPo):

 

Iibhetri zeLithiumzisebenza kakuhle kwaye zikhaphukhaphu, zisetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwizixhobo zombane eziphathwayo, izixhobo zombane, iidrones, nokunye.Ukwakhiwa kweekhemikhali zabo kubandakanya i-lithium compounds njengezinto ze-cathode (ezifana ne-LiCoO2, i-LiFePO4), i-graphite okanye i-lithium cobalt oxide (i-LiCoO2) okanye i-lithium manganese oxide (LiMn2O4) njengezinto ze-anode, kunye ne-solvents eziphilayo njenge-electrolytes.Olu luyilo alunikezeli kuphela amandla aphezulu kunye nobomi bomjikelezo omde kodwa lukwaxhasa ukutshaja ngokukhawuleza kunye nokukhupha.

 

Ngenxa yoxinaniso lwamandla aphezulu kunye noyilo olukhaphukhaphu, iibhetri ze-lithium ziye zaba lolona hlobo luthandwayo lwebhetri lwezixhobo zombane eziphathwayo njengee-smartphones kunye neetafile.Ngokomzekelo, ngokutsho kweYunivesithi yeBattery, iibhetri ze-lithium-ion zidla ngokuba noxinano lwamandla oluyi-150-200Wh/kg, olungaphezulu kakhulu kunebhetri ye-alkaline '90-120Wh/kg.Oku kuthetha ukuba izixhobo ezisebenzisa iibhetri ze-lithium zinokufikelela ixesha elide lokubaleka kunye noyilo olulula.

 

Iibhetri zeAlkaline (iZinc-Carbon & NiCd):

 

Iibhetri zealkali luhlobo lwebhetri lwemveli oluseneenzuzo kwizicelo ezithile.Ngokomzekelo, iibhetri ze-NiCd zisasetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwezinye izixhobo zoshishino kunye neenkqubo zamandla ezingxamisekileyo ngenxa yokukhutshwa kwazo okuphezulu kunye neempawu zokugcina ixesha elide.Zisetyenziswa ikakhulu kwizixhobo zombane zasekhaya ezifana nezilawuli kude, iiwotshi zealam, kunye nezinto zokudlala.Ukwakhiwa kweekhemikhali zabo kubandakanya i-zinc oxide njengento ye-cathode, i-zinc njengento ye-anode, kunye ne-alkaline electrolytes njenge-potassium hydroxide.Xa kuthelekiswa neebhetri ze-lithium, iibhetri ze-alkaline zinoxinano lwamandla aphantsi kunye nobomi obufutshane bomjikelezo kodwa zibiza iindleko kwaye zizinzile.

 

2. Ukusebenza kunye neempawu

 

Factor uthelekiso Iibhetri zeLithium Iibhetri zealkaline
Ukuxinana kwamandla Phezulu Phantsi
Ixesha lokudlala Inde Mfutshane
Cycle Life Phezulu Phantsi (Ichatshazelwa “yiNdlela yeMemori”)
Ixabiso lokuzikhupha Phantsi Phezulu
Ixesha lokuTjaja Mfutshane Inde
Umjikelo wokuTjaja Izinzile Engazinzanga (Inokubakho “Impembelelo yeMemori”)

 

Iibhetri zeLithium kunye neebhetri zealkaline zibonisa umahluko omkhulu ekusebenzeni kunye neempawu.Nalu ucazululo oluneenkcukacha lwalo mahluko, luxhaswa yidatha evela kwimithombo enegunya njengeWikipedia:

 

Ukuxinana kwamandla

 

  • Uxinzelelo lwamandla ebhetri yeLithium: Ngenxa yeempawu zabo zeekhemikhali, iibhetri ze-lithium zinamandla amakhulu, ngokuqhelekileyo ukusuka kwi-150-250Wh / kg.Ubuninzi bamandla obuphezulu buthetha iibhetri ezilula, ixesha elide lokugijima, ukwenza iibhetri ze-lithium zilungele izixhobo zokusebenza eziphezulu ezifana ne-electronics ephathekayo, izixhobo zombane, izithuthi zombane, i-drones, kunye ne-AGVs.
  • Uxinaniso lwamandla ebhetri yealkaline: Iibhetri zealkaline zinoxinzelelo lwamandla olusezantsi, ngokuqhelekileyo malunga ne-90-120Wh/kg.Nangona zinoxinzelelo olusezantsi lwamandla, iibhetri zealkaline azibizi kakhulu kwaye zifanelekile kumandla aphantsi, izixhobo ezisetyenziswa ngamaxesha athile njengewotshi yealam, izilawuli ezikude, iithoyi kunye nezibane.

 

Ixesha lokudlala

 

  • Ixesha lokuSebenza kwebhetri yeLithium: Ngenxa yobuninzi bamandla abo, iibhetri ze-lithium zibonelela ngokusebenza ixesha elide, ezifanelekileyo kwizixhobo eziphezulu zamandla ezifuna ukusetyenziswa ngokuqhubekayo.Ixesha lokuqhuba eliqhelekileyo kwiibhetri ze-lithium kwizixhobo zombane eziphathwayo ziiyure ezi-2-4, ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zabasebenzisi zokusetyenziswa okwandisiweyo.
  • Ixesha lokuSebenza kwebhetri yealkaline: Iibhetri ze-alkaline zinexesha elifutshane lokugijima, ngokuqhelekileyo malunga neeyure ze-1-2, ezifanelekileyo ngakumbi kumandla aphantsi, izixhobo zokusetyenziswa okwethutyana njengeewotshi ze-alamu, izilawuli ezikude, kunye namathoyizi.

 

Cycle Life

 

  • Lithium Battery Cycle Life: Iibhetri zeLithium zinobomi bomjikelo obude, ngokuqhelekileyo malunga ne-500-1000 ye-charge-discharge cycles, kwaye phantse azichatshazelwa "yiMemory Effect."Oku kuthetha ukuba iibhetri ze-lithium zomelele ngakumbi kwaye zinokugcina ukusebenza kakuhle kwixesha elongeziweyo.
  • Alkaline Battery Cycle Ubomi: Iibhetri zealkaline zinobomi bomjikelo obuphantsi ngokwentelekiso, obuchatshazelwa yi "Memory Effect," enokukhokelela ekuthotyweni kokusebenza kunye nokunciphisa ubomi obufutshane, kufuna ukutshintshwa rhoqo.

 

Ixabiso lokuzikhupha

 

  • Ixabiso lokuzikhupha ngebhetri yeLithium: Iibhetri zeLithium zinezinga eliphantsi lokuzikhupha, ukugcina intlawulo kwixesha elongezelelweyo, ngokuqhelekileyo ngaphantsi kwe-1-2% ngenyanga.Oku kwenza iibhetri ze-lithium zilungele ukugcinwa kwexesha elide ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa okukhulu kwamandla.
  • Ixabiso lebhetri yealkaline lokuzikhupha ngokwalo: Iibhetri ze-alkaline zinezinga eliphezulu lokuzikhupha, ukulahlekelwa ngumrhumo ngokukhawuleza ngexesha, okwenza ukuba zingafanelekanga ukugcina ixesha elide kwaye zifuna ukutshaja rhoqo ukugcina intlawulo.

 

Ixesha lokuTjaja

 

  • Ixesha lokuTshaja ibhetri yeLithium: Ngenxa yeempawu zabo eziphezulu zokutshaja, iibhetri ze-lithium zinexesha elifutshane lokutshaja, ngokuqhelekileyo phakathi kweeyure ezi-1-3, zibonelela abasebenzisi ngokufanelekileyo, ukutshaja ngokukhawuleza.
  • Ixesha lokuTshaja ibhetri yealkaline: Iibhetri ze-alkaline zinexesha elide lokutshaja, ngokuqhelekileyo zifuna iiyure ze-4-8 okanye ngaphezulu, ezinokuchaphazela amava omsebenzisi ngenxa yokulinda ixesha elide.

 

Uzinzo lweCycle yokutshaja

 

  • Umjikelo wokuTjaja ibhetri yeLithium: Iibhetri zeLithium zinezijikelezo zokutshaja ezizinzile, zigcina uzinzo lokusebenza emva kwemijikelezo yokukhutshwa kweentlawulo ezininzi.Iibhetri zeLithium zibonisa uzinzo lomjikelo wokutshaja olungileyo, zigcina ngaphezulu kwe-80% yomthamo wokuqala, ukwandisa ubomi bebhetri.
  • Umjikelo wokuTjaja ibhetri yealkaline: Iibhetri ze-alkaline zinezijikelezo zokutshaja ezingazinzanga, ezinokubakho "Impembelelo yeMemori" inokuchaphazela ukusebenza kunye nobomi, okukhokelela ekunciphiseni umthamo webhetri, efuna ukutshintshwa rhoqo.

 

Isishwankathelo, iibhetri ze-lithium kunye neebhetri ze-alkaline zibonisa ukungafani okukhulu ekusebenzeni kunye neempawu.Ngenxa yobuninzi bamandla abo, ixesha elide, ubomi bomjikelezo omde, izinga lokuzikhupha, ixesha elifutshane lokutshaja, kunye nemijikelo ezinzileyo yokutshaja, iibhetri ze-lithium zifaneleke ngakumbi ukusebenza okuphezulu kunye nezicelo eziphezulu zemfuno ezifana nezixhobo zombane eziphathekayo, amandla. izixhobo, izithuthi zombane, i-drones, kunye neebhetri ze-lithium ze-AGV.Iibhetri zealkaline, kwelinye icala, zifaneleke ngakumbi kumbane ophantsi, ukusetyenziswa kwamaxesha athile, kunye nezixhobo zokugcina ixesha elifutshane ezinjengeewotshi ze-alam, iiremote control, iithoyi kunye nezibane.Xa ukhetha ibhetri, abasebenzisi kufuneka bathathele ingqalelo eyeyokwenene

 

3. Ukhuseleko kunye neMpembelelo yokusiNgqongileyo

 

Factor uthelekiso Ibhetri yeLithium Ibhetri yealkaline
Ukhuseleko Umngcipheko wokutshaja, ukukhutshwa ngokugqithisileyo, kunye namaqondo obushushu aphezulu Ikhuselekile ngokwentelekiso
Impembelelo yokusingqongileyo Iqulethe umkhondo wesinyithi esinzima, ukurisayikilishwa okuntsonkothileyo kunye nokulahlwa Ungcoliseko lwendalo olunokubakho
Uzinzo Izinzile Ingazinzanga kakhulu (ichatshazelwa bubushushu kunye nokufuma)

 

Ukhuseleko

 

  • Ukhuseleko lwebhetri yeLithium: Iibhetri zeLithium zibeka imingcipheko yokhuseleko phantsi kweemeko zokutshaja, ukukhutshwa ngokugqithisileyo, kunye nobushushu obuphezulu, obunokukhokelela ekugqithiseni, ukutshisa, okanye ukuqhuma.Ngoko ke, iibhetri ze-lithium zifuna iNkqubo yoLawulo lweBattery (BMS) ukubeka iliso kunye nokulawula iinkqubo zokutshaja kunye nokukhupha ukusetyenziswa ngokukhuselekileyo.Ukusetyenziswa okungafanelekanga okanye iibhetri ze-lithium ezonakalisiweyo zinokubeka emngciphekweni ukubaleka kwe-thermal kunye nokuqhuma.
  • Ukhuseleko lwebhetri yealkaline: Kwelinye icala, iibhetri zealkaline zikhuselekile ngokwentelekiso phantsi kweemeko zokusetyenziswa kwesiqhelo, aziqhelekanga ukutsha okanye ugqabhuko-dubulo.Nangona kunjalo, ukugcinwa okungafanelekanga kwexesha elide okanye umonakalo unokubangela ukuvuza kwebhetri, izixhobo ezinokuthi zonakalise, kodwa umngcipheko uphantsi.

 

Impembelelo yokusingqongileyo

 

  • Impembelelo yokusiNgqongileyo kwebhetri yeLithium: Iibhetri zeLithium ziqulethe ubuninzi beentsimbi ezinzima kunye neekhemikhali ezinobungozi ezifana ne-lithium, i-cobalt, kunye ne-nickel, efuna ingqalelo ekhethekileyo ekukhuselweni kwendalo kunye nokhuseleko ngexesha lokuphinda lisetyenziswe kunye nokulahla.IYunivesithi yeBattery iphawula ukuba ukurisayikilisha okufanelekileyo kunye nokulahlwa kweebhetri ze-lithium kunokunciphisa iimpembelelo zokusingqongileyo kunye nempilo.
  • Impembelelo yokusiNgqongileyo kwebhetri yealkaline: Nangona iibhetri zealkaline zingenazo iintsimbi ezinzima, ukulahlwa ngokungafanelekanga okanye iimeko zokulahla inkunkuma zinokukhupha iikhemikhali ezinobungozi, zingcolise indalo.Ke ngoko, ukurisayikilisha okuchanekileyo kunye nokulahlwa kweebhetri zealkaline kubaluleke ngokulinganayo ukunciphisa impembelelo yokusingqongileyo.

 

Uzinzo

 

  • Lithium Ibhetri Uzinzo: Iibhetri zeLithium zinozinzo oluphezulu lweekhemikhali, ezingachatshazelwa ngubushushu kunye nomswakama, kwaye zinokusebenza ngokuqhelekileyo kuluhlu olubanzi lweqondo lokushisa.Nangona kunjalo, ubushushu obuphezulu okanye obuphantsi bunokuchaphazela ukusebenza kunye nobomi beebhetri ze-lithium.
  • Alkaline Battery Uzinzo: Ukuzinza kweekhemikhali zeebhetri ze-alkaline ziphantsi, zichatshazelwa lula ngubushushu kunye nokufuma, okunokukhokelela ekuthotyweni kokusebenza kunye nokunciphisa ubomi bebhetri.Ke ngoko, iibhetri ze-alkaline zinokungazinzi phantsi kweemeko ezigqithisileyo zokusingqongileyo kwaye zifuna ingqalelo ekhethekileyo.

 

Isishwankathelo, iibhetri ze-lithium kunye neebhetri ze-alkaline zibonisa ukungafani okukhulu kukhuseleko, impembelelo yendalo, kunye nokuzinza.Iibhetri zeLithium zibonelela ngamava angcono omsebenzisi ngokubhekiselele ekusebenzeni kunye nokuxinana kwamandla kodwa zifuna abasebenzisi ukuba baziphathe kwaye bazilahle ngononophelo olukhulu ukuqinisekisa ukhuseleko kunye nokukhuselwa kwendalo.Ngokwahlukileyo, iibhetri zealkaline zinokukhuseleka kwaye zizinze ngakumbi kwizicelo ezithile kunye neemeko zokusingqongileyo kodwa zisafuna ukurisayikilishwa okuchanekileyo kunye nokulahlwa ukunciphisa impembelelo yokusingqongileyo.

 

4. Iindleko kunye nokuSebenza koQoqosho

 

Factor uthelekiso Ibhetri yeLithium Ibhetri yealkaline
Iindleko zeMveliso Phezulu Ngasezantsi
Iindleko-Ukusebenza Phezulu Ngasezantsi
Iindleko Zexesha Elide Ngasezantsi Phezulu

 

Iindleko zeMveliso

 

  • Iindleko zokuVelisa ibhetri yeLithium: Ngenxa yobume babo beekhemikhali eziyinkimbinkimbi kunye nenkqubo yokuvelisa, iibhetri ze-lithium ngokuqhelekileyo zineendleko eziphezulu zokuvelisa.Ixabiso eliphezulu le-lithium ecocekileyo, i-cobalt, kunye nezinye izinyithi ezinqabileyo zinegalelo kwiindleko eziphezulu zokuvelisa iibhetri ze-lithium.
  • Iindleko zeBattery yealkaline: Inkqubo yokwenziwa kweebhetri ze-alkaline ilula, kwaye iindleko zempahla eluhlaza ziphantsi, okubangela iindleko eziphantsi zokuvelisa.

 

Iindleko-Ukusebenza

 

  • Ixabiso lebhetri yeLithium-Ukusebenza kakuhle: Nangona ixabiso lokuqala lokuthengwa kweebhetri ze-lithium, ubuninzi babo bamandla aphezulu, ubomi obude, kunye nokuzinza kuqinisekisa ukusebenza kakuhle kweendleko.Ekuhambeni kwexesha, iibhetri ze-lithium zihlala zisebenza ngakumbi kwezoqoqosho kuneebhetri ze-alkaline, ngakumbi kwizixhobo eziphezulu ze-frequency kunye ne-high-power.
  • Ixabiso lebhetri yealkaline: Ixabiso lokuqala lokuthengwa kweebhetri ze-alkaline liphantsi, kodwa ngenxa yokuxinwa kwamandla aphantsi kunye nobomi obufutshane, ixabiso lexesha elide liphezulu.Ukutshintshwa kwebhetri rhoqo kunye namaxesha okusebenza amafutshane kunokunyusa iindleko zizonke, ngakumbi izixhobo ezisetyenziswa rhoqo.

 

Iindleko Zexesha Elide

 

  • Ibhetri yeLithium Yexesha elide Iindleko: Ngenxa yobomi babo obude, ixabiso eliphezulu lokuqala xa kuthelekiswa neebhetri ze-alkaline, ukuzinza, kunye nezinga eliphantsi lokuzikhupha, iibhetri ze-lithium zineendleko eziphantsi kwexesha elide.Iibhetri ze-lithium ngokuqhelekileyo zinobomi bomjikelezo we-500-1000 ye-charge-discharge cycles kwaye phantse azichatshazelwa "yimpembelelo yememori," eqinisekisa ukusebenza okuphezulu kwiminyaka emininzi.
  • Ibhetri Yealkaline Yexesha elide Iindleko: Ngenxa yobomi babo obufutshane, iindleko zokuqala eziphantsi xa kuthelekiswa neebhetri ze-lithium, izinga eliphezulu lokuzikhupha, kunye nesidingo sokutshintshwa rhoqo, ixabiso lexesha elide leebhetri ze-alkaline liphezulu.Ngokukodwa kwizixhobo ezifuna ukusetyenziswa ngokuqhubekayo kunye nokusetyenziswa kwamandla aphezulu, njenge-drones, izixhobo zombane, kunye nezixhobo zombane eziphathwayo, iibhetri ze-alkaline zingabi lukhetho olungabizi kakhulu.

 

Yiyiphi eyona nto ingcono, iibhetri ze-lithium okanye iibhetri zealkaline?

 

Nangona iibhetri ze-lithium kunye neebhetri ze-alkaline zibonisa ukungafani okukhulu ekusebenzeni, nganye inamandla kunye nobuthathaka bayo.Njengoko kukhankanyiwe ngaphambili, iibhetri ze-lithium zikhokelela ngokubhekiselele ekusebenzeni kunye nokugcinwa kwexesha, kodwa ziza ngexabiso eliphezulu.Xa kuthelekiswa neebhetri zealkaline ezichazwe ngendlela efanayo, iibhetri ze-lithium zinokubiza ngokuphindwe kathathu ngaphezulu, nto leyo eyenza ukuba iibhetri zealkaline zibe nenzuzo ngakumbi ngokwezoqoqosho.

 

Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba iibhetri ze-lithium azifuni ukutshintshwa rhoqo njengeebhetri ze-alkaline.Ke ngoko, ukuqwalasela ixesha elide, ukukhetha iibhetri ze-lithium kunokubonelela ngembuyekezo ephezulu kutyalo-mali, kukunceda ugcine iindleko ekuhambeni kwexesha.

 

5. IiNdawo zokuSebenza

 

Factor uthelekiso Ibhetri yeLithium Ibhetri yealkaline
Usetyenziso I-elektroniki ephathekayo, izixhobo zombane, ii-EVs, iidrone, ii-AGVs Iiwotshi, iiremote control, iithoyi, iitotshi

 

Izicelo zebhetri yeLithium

 

  • I-Electronics ephathwayo: Ngenxa yoxinano lwamandla aphezulu kunye neempawu ezikhaphukhaphu, iibhetri ze-lithium zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwizixhobo zombane eziphathwayo ezinjengee-smartphones, iitafile kunye neelaptops.Ubuninzi bamandla ebhetri ye-lithium buphakathi kwe-150-200Wh/kg.
  • Izixhobo zamandla: Ukukhutshwa kwamandla aphezulu kunye nobomi obude beebhetri ze-lithium zibenza babe yimithombo efanelekileyo yamandla kwizixhobo zamandla ezifana ne-drills kunye neesarha.ubomi bomjikelezo weebhetri ze-lithium ngokuqhelekileyo phakathi kwemijikelezo ye-500-1000 yokukhupha imali.
  • Ii-EVs, iiDrones, ii-AGVs: Ngophuhliso lwezothutho zombane kunye ne-automation technology, iibhetri ze-lithium ziye zaba ngumthombo wamandla okhethiweyo wezithuthi zombane, i-drones, kunye ne-AGVs ngenxa yobuninzi bamandla abo, ukutshaja ngokukhawuleza kunye nokukhupha, kunye nobomi obude.Ubuninzi bamandla ebhetri ye-lithium esetyenziswa kwii-EVs ngokuqhelekileyo ngaphakathi koluhlu lwe-150-250Wh / kg.

 

Ukusetyenziswa kwebhetri yealkaline

 

  • Iiwotshi, iziLawuli ezikude: Ngenxa yeendleko zabo eziphantsi kunye nokufumaneka, iibhetri ze-alkaline zisetyenziswa ngokuqhelekileyo kumandla aphantsi, izixhobo eziphazamisayo ezifana neewotshi kunye nokulawula okude.Ubuninzi bamandla ebhetri yealkaline buphakathi kwe90-120Wh/kg.
  • Izinto zokudlala, iitotshi: Iibhetri zealkaline zikwasetyenziswa kwizinto zokudlala, iitotshi, kunye nezinye izixhobo zombane ezifuna ukusetyenziswa okwethutyana ngenxa yexabiso eliphantsi kunye nokufumaneka ngokubanzi.Nangona uxinano lwamandla lweebhetri zealkaline lusezantsi, luselukhetho olusebenzayo ngokwezoqoqosho kwizicelo zamandla aphantsi.

 

Isishwankathelo, kukho ukungafani okuphawulekayo kwimimandla yesicelo phakathi kweebhetri ze-lithium kunye neebhetri ze-alkaline.Iibhetri zeLithium zigqwesa ekusebenzeni okuphezulu kunye nezicelo eziphezulu zemfuno ezifana ne-electronics ephathekayo, izixhobo zamandla, ii-EVs, i-drones, kunye ne-AGVs ngenxa yobuninzi bamandla abo, ixesha elide lokuphila, kunye nokuzinza.Kwelinye icala, iibhetri zealkaline zifaneleka ubukhulu becala kumandla aphantsi, izixhobo zethutyana ezifana neewotshi, iiremote control, iithoyi, kunye nezibane.Abasebenzisi kufuneka bakhethe ibhetri efanelekileyo ngokusekelwe kwiimfuno zabo zesicelo, ulindelo lokusebenza, kunye nokusebenza kakuhle kweendleko.

 

6. ITekhnoloji yokuTjaja

 

Factor uthelekiso Ibhetri yeLithium Ibhetri yealkaline
Indlela yokuTjaja Ixhasa ukutshaja okukhawulezayo, ngokufanelekileyo kwizixhobo ezisebenzayo zokutshaja Ngokwesiqhelo isebenzisa itekhnoloji yokutshaja kancinane, ayilungelanga ukutshaja ngokukhawuleza
Ukutshaja ngokuSebenzayo Ukutshaja ngokufanelekileyo, izinga eliphezulu lokusetyenziswa kwamandla Ukusebenza kokutshaja okuphantsi, izinga lokusetyenziswa kwamandla aphantsi

 

Indlela yokuTjaja

 

  • Indlela yokuTshaja ibhetri yeLithium: Iibhetri zeLithium zixhasa itekhnoloji yokutshaja ngokukhawuleza, ilungele izixhobo zokutshaja ezisebenzayo.Umzekelo, uninzi lwee-smartphones zanamhlanje, iitafile, kunye nezixhobo zamandla zisebenzisa iibhetri ze-lithium kwaye zinokuhlawuliswa ngokupheleleyo ngexesha elifutshane usebenzisa iitshaja ezikhawulezayo.Itekhnoloji yokutshaja ngokukhawuleza kwebhetri yeLithium inokutshaja ibhetri ngokupheleleyo kwiiyure ezi-1-3.
  • Indlela yokuTjaja ibhetri yealkaline: Iibhetri zealkaline zisebenzisa itekhnoloji yokutshaja kancinane, ayifanelekanga ukutshaja ngokukhawuleza.Iibhetri zealkaline zisetyenziswa ikakhulu kumandla aphantsi, izixhobo eziphazamisayo ezifana nolawulo olukude, iiwotshi, kunye nezinto zokudlala, ezidla ngokungafuni ukutshaja ngokukhawuleza.Ukutshaja iibhetri zealkaline ngokuqhelekileyo kuthatha iiyure ezi-4-8 okanye ngaphezulu.

 

Ukutshaja ngokuSebenzayo

 

  • UkuTshaja kwebhetri yeLithium ngokuSebenzayo: Iibhetri zeLithium zinokutshaja okusebenzayo kunye nezinga eliphezulu lokusetyenziswa kwamandla.Ngexesha lokutshaja, iibhetri ze-lithium zinokuguqula amandla ombane abe ngamandla ekhemikhali ngokusebenzayo ngakumbi ngenkcitho encinci yamandla.Oku kuthetha ukuba iibhetri ze-lithium zinokufumana intlawulo eninzi ngexesha elincinci, ukunika abasebenzisi ukusebenza okuphezulu kokutshaja.
  • UkuTshaja kweBattery yealkaline ngokuSebenzayo: Iibhetri zealkaline zinokutshaja okusebenzayo okuphantsi kunye nezinga eliphantsi lokusetyenziswa kwamandla.Iibhetri zealkaline zichitha amandla athile ngexesha lokutshaja, nto leyo ekhokelela ekutshajisweni okuphantsi kobuchule.Oku kuthetha ukuba iibhetri zealkaline zifuna ixesha elingakumbi ukuze zifumane isixa esifanayo sentlawulo, zinika abasebenzisi ukutshaja ngokufanelekileyo.

 

Ukuqukumbela, kukho umahluko omkhulu kwitekhnoloji yokutshaja phakathi kweebhetri ze-lithium kunye neebhetri zealkaline.Ngenxa yenkxaso yabo yokutshaja ngokukhawuleza kunye nokusebenza kakuhle kokutshaja, iibhetri ze-lithium zifanelekile ngakumbi kwizixhobo ezifuna ukutshaja ngokukhawuleza nangokufanelekileyo, njengee-smartphones, iipilisi, izixhobo zombane, kunye neebhetri zemoto yombane.Kwelinye icala, iibhetri zealkaline zifaneleke ngakumbi kumandla aphantsi, izixhobo zethutyana ezifana nolawulo olukude, iiwotshi, kunye nezinto zokudlala.Abasebenzisi kufuneka bakhethe ibhetri efanelekileyo ngokusekelwe kwiimfuno zabo zesicelo, isantya sokutshaja, kunye nokusebenza kakuhle kokutshaja.

 

7. Ukuguquguquka kobushushu

 

Factor uthelekiso Ibhetri yeLithium Ibhetri yealkaline
Uluhlu lokuSebenza Ngokuqhelekileyo isebenza ukusuka ku-20°C ukuya kuma-60°C Ukungaziqhelani kakuhle, ukunganyamezeli amaqondo obushushu agqithisileyo
Ukuzinza kweThermal Uzinzo oluhle lwe-thermal, aluchatshazelwa lula lutshintsho lobushushu Iqondo lobushushu, elichatshazelwa lula kukuguquguquka kobushushu

 

Uluhlu lokuSebenza

 

  • Uluhlu lokuSebenza kwebhetri yeLithium: Inika ukulungelelaniswa kobushushu obubalaseleyo.Ilungele iindawo ezahlukeneyo ezifana nemisebenzi yangaphandle, usetyenziso lwemizi-mveliso, kunye nokusetyenziswa kweemoto.Uluhlu oluqhelekileyo lokusebenza lweebhetri ze-lithium lusuka kwi -20 ° C ukuya kwi-60 ° C, kunye nezinye iimodeli ezisebenza phakathi -40 ℉ ukuya kwi-140 ℉.
  • Uluhlu oluSebenzayo lwebhetri yealkali: Ukuguquguquka kobushushu obulinganiselweyo.Ayinyamezeli ingqele egqithisileyo okanye iimeko ezishushu.Iibhetri zealkaline zinokusilela okanye zisebenze kakubi kumaqondo obushushu agqithisileyo.Uluhlu oluqhelekileyo lokusebenza lweebhetri zealkaline luphakathi kwe-0°C ukuya kuma-50°C, lusebenza kakuhle phakathi kwe-30℉ ukuya kuma-70℉.

 

Ukuzinza kweThermal

 

  • Lithium Ibhetri Thermal Uzinzo: Ibonisa ukuzinza okuhle kwe-thermal, ayiphazamiseki lula ngokuhluka kweqondo lokushisa.Iibhetri zeLithium zinokugcina ukusebenza okuzinzile kwiimeko ezahlukeneyo zokushisa, ukunciphisa umngcipheko wokungasebenzi kakuhle ngenxa yokutshintsha kweqondo lokushisa, okwenza kube yinto ethembekileyo kwaye yomelele.
  • Alkaline Ibhetri Thermal Uzinzo: Ibonisa ukuzinza okungahambi kakuhle kwe-thermal, ichaphazeleka lula ngokutshintsha kweqondo lokushisa.Iibhetri zealkaline zinokuvuza okanye zigqabhuke kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu kwaye zinokusilela okanye zisebenze kakubi kumaqondo obushushu aphantsi.Ke ngoko, abasebenzisi kufuneka balumke xa besebenzisa iibhetri ze-alkaline kwiimeko zobushushu obugqithisileyo.

 

Isishwankathelo, iibhetri ze-lithium kunye neebhetri ze-alkaline zibonisa ukungafani okukhulu kwiqondo lokushisa.Iibhetri zeLithium, ezinoluhlu olubanzi lokusebenza kunye nokuzinza okuhle kwe-thermal, zifaneleke ngakumbi izixhobo ezifuna ukusebenza okufanayo kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo, ezifana nee-smartphones, iipilisi, izixhobo zombane, kunye nezithuthi zombane.Ngokwahlukileyo koko, iibhetri zealkaline zifaneleke ngakumbi kwizixhobo ezinamandla aphantsi ezisetyenziswa kwiimeko zangaphakathi ezizinzileyo, ezinje ngolawulo olukude, iiwotshi zealam, nezinto zokudlala.Abasebenzisi kufuneka baqwalasele iimfuno ezichanekileyo zesicelo, amaqondo okushisa okusebenzayo, kunye nokuzinza kwe-thermal xa ukhetha phakathi kweebhetri ze-lithium kunye ne-alkaline.

 

8. Ubungakanani kunye nobunzima

 

Factor uthelekiso Ibhetri yeLithium Ibhetri yealkaline
Ubungakanani Ngokuqhelekileyo zincinci, zilungele izixhobo ezikhaphukhaphu Inkulu kakhulu, ayizifanelanga izixhobo ezikhaphukhaphu
Ubunzima I-lighter in weight, ifanelekile kwizixhobo ezilula Ubunzima, bulungele izixhobo ezimileyo

 

Ubungakanani

 

  • Ubungakanani bebhetri yeLithium: Ngokubanzi incinci ngobukhulu, ilungele izixhobo ezikhaphukhaphu.Ngoxinaniso lwamandla aphezulu kunye noyilo oludityanisiweyo, iibhetri ze-lithium zisetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwizixhobo eziphathwayo zale mihla njengee-smartphones, iitafile kunye needrone.Ubungakanani beebhetri ze-lithium buhlala bujikeleze i-0.2-0.3 cm³/mAh.
  • Ubungakanani bebhetri yealkali: Ngokubanzi inkulu ngobukhulu, ayifanelekanga izixhobo ezikhaphukhaphu.Iibhetri zealkaline zinkulu kuyilo, zisetyenziswa ikakhulu kwizinto zombane ezilahlwayo okanye ezixabisa kancinci njengewotshi yealam, izilawuli ezikude, kunye nezinto zokudlala.Ubungakanani beebhetri zealkaline buqheleke bujikeleze i-0.3-0.4 cm³/mAh.

 

Ubunzima

 

  • Ubunzima bebhetri yeLithium: Ikhaphukhaphu ngobunzima, malunga ne-33% ikhaphukhaphu kuneebhetri zealkaline.Ifanelekile kwizixhobo ezifuna izisombululo ezikhaphukhaphu.Ngenxa yoxinano lwamandla aphezulu kunye noyilo olukhaphukhaphu, iibhetri ze-lithium zikhethwa yimithombo yamandla yezixhobo ezininzi eziphathwayo.Ubunzima beebhetri ze-lithium ngokuqhelekileyo malunga ne-150-250 g/kWh.
  • Ubunzima bebhetri yealkali: Ubunzima bubunzima, bulungele izixhobo ezimileyo.Ngenxa yoxinano lwamandla kunye noyilo olukhulu, iibhetri zealkaline zinzima kwaye zifaneleke ngakumbi kufakelo olusisigxina okanye izixhobo ezingadingi ntshukumo rhoqo.Ubunzima beebhetri zealkaline ngokuqhelekileyo bujikeleze i-180-270 g/kWh.

 

Isishwankathelo, iibhetri ze-lithium kunye neebhetri ze-alkaline zibonisa ukungafani okukhulu kobukhulu kunye nobunzima.Iibhetri zeLithium, kunye noyilo lwazo oluhlangeneyo kunye nolukhaphukhaphu, zilungele ngakumbi izixhobo ezikhaphukhaphu neziphathwayo njengee-smartphones, iitafile, izixhobo zamandla kunye needrones.Ngokwahlukileyo koko, iibhetri zealkaline zifaneleke ngakumbi kwizixhobo ezingadingi kushukuma rhoqo okanye apho ubukhulu nobunzima bungabalulekanga kangako, njengeewotshi ze-alam, ii-remote controls, kunye nezinto zokudlala.Abasebenzisi kufuneka baqwalasele ezona mfuno zesicelo, ubungakanani besixhobo, kunye nemiqobo yobunzima xa bekhetha phakathi kwebhetri ye-lithium kunye nealkaline.

 

9. Ubomi kunye noLondolozo

 

Factor uthelekiso Ibhetri yeLithium Ibhetri yealkaline
Umsebenzi wobomi Ixesha elide, ngokuqhelekileyo lihlala iminyaka emininzi ukuya kwishumi leminyaka Mfutshane, efuna ukutshintshwa rhoqo
Isondlo Ukugcinwa okuphantsi, phantse akukho mfuneko yokugcinwa Ifuna ukulungiswa rhoqo, okufana nokucoca abafowunelwa kunye nokutshintsha iibhetri

 

Umsebenzi wobomi

 

  • Ubomi bebhetri yeLithium: Iibhetri zeLithium zinika ubomi obude, obuhlala ukuya kumaxesha angama-6 ngaphezu kweebhetri ze-alkaline.Ngokwesiqhelo ithatha iminyaka eliqela ukuya ngaphezulu kweshumi leminyaka, iibhetri ze-lithium zibonelela ngemijikelo yokukhupha intlawulo kunye nexesha elide lokusebenzisa.ubomi beebhetri ze-lithium ngokuqhelekileyo malunga ne-2-3 iminyaka okanye ngaphezulu.
  • Ubomi bebhetri yealkali: Iibhetri zealkaline zinobomi obufutshane kakhulu, zifuna ukutshintshwa rhoqo.Ukwakhiwa kweekhemikhali kunye noyilo lweebhetri zealkaline zinciphisa imijikelo yazo yokukhupha intlawulo kunye nexesha lokusetyenziswa.ubomi beebhetri ze-alkaline ngokuqhelekileyo buphakathi kweenyanga ezi-6 ukuya kwiminyaka emi-2.

 

Ubomi beShelufu (Ugcino)

 

  • Ubomi beShelufu yeBattery yealkaline: Inokugcina amandla ukuya kuthi ga kwiminyaka eyi-10 kwindawo yokugcina
  • Ubomi beShelufu yebhetri yeLithium: Inokugcina amandla ukuya kutsho kwiminyaka engama-20 kwindawo yokugcina

 

Isondlo

 

  • Ukugcinwa kwebhetri yeLithium: Ukugcinwa okuphantsi okufunekayo, phantse akukho mfuneko yokugcinwa.Ngokuzinza kweekhemikhali eziphezulu kunye namazinga aphantsi okuzikhupha, iibhetri ze-lithium zifuna ukugcinwa okuncinci.Abasebenzisi badinga kuphela ukulandela ukusetyenziswa okuqhelekileyo kunye nemikhwa yokutshaja ukugcina ukusebenza kwebhetri ye-lithium kunye nobomi.
  • Ukugcinwa kwebhetri yealkaline: Ukugcinwa rhoqo kuyafuneka, njengokucoca abafowunelwa kunye nokutshintsha iibhetri.Ngenxa yokwakheka kweekhemikhali kunye noyilo lweebhetri ze-alkaline, zithinteka kwiimeko zangaphandle kunye neepatheni zokusetyenziswa, ezifuna abasebenzisi ukuba bazihlole kwaye bazigcine rhoqo ukuze baqinisekise ukusebenza okuqhelekileyo kunye nokwandisa ubomi.

 

Isishwankathelo, iibhetri ze-lithium kunye neebhetri ze-alkaline zibonisa ukungafani okuphawulekayo kwixesha lokuphila kunye neemfuno zokugcinwa.Iibhetri zeLithium, kunye nexesha elide lokuphila kunye neemfuno zokugcinwa okuphantsi, zifanelekile ngakumbi kwizixhobo ezifuna ukusetyenziswa kwexesha elide kunye nokugcinwa okuncinci, njengee-smartphones, iipilisi, izixhobo zombane kunye nezithuthi zombane.Ngokwahlukileyo, iibhetri zealkaline zifaneleke ngakumbi kwizixhobo zamandla aphantsi ezinobomi obufutshane kwaye zifuna ukugcinwa rhoqo, njengokulawula kude, iiwotshi ze-alamu kunye nezinto zokudlala.Abasebenzisi kufuneka baqwalasele iimfuno zokwenyani zesicelo, ixesha lokuphila, kunye neemfuno zokugcinwa xa ukhetha phakathi kweebhetri ze-lithium kunye ne-alkaline.

 

Ukuqukumbela

 

Kamada AmandlaKweli nqaku, sijonge kwihlabathi leebhetri zeAlkaline kunye neLithium, ezimbini zezona ntlobo zebhetri zisetyenziswa kakhulu.Siqale ngokuqonda imigaqo-siseko yabo yokusebenza kunye nokuma kwabo kwimarike.Iibhetri zealkaline zithandwa ngenxa yokufikeleleka kwazo kunye nosetyenziso oluxhaphakileyo lwasekhaya, ngelixa iibhetri zeLithium ziqaqamba ngoxinano lwazo oluphezulu lwamandla, ubomi obude, kunye nokukwazi ukutshaja ngokukhawuleza.Xa kuthelekiswa, iibhetri zeLithium zigqithisa ngokucacileyo i-Alkaline ngokwemiqathango yoxinano lwamandla, imijikelo yokukhutshwa kwentlawulo, kunye nesantya sokutshaja.Nangona kunjalo, iibhetri zeAlkaline zibonelela ngexabiso elikhuphisanayo ngakumbi.Ke ngoko, xa ukhetha ibhetri elungileyo, umntu kufuneka athathele ingqalelo iimfuno zesixhobo, ukusebenza, ixesha lokuphila kunye neendleko.

 


Ixesha lokuposa: Mar-28-2024